Blackjack Casino rules 06.06.2019 06.06.2019 Jonathan Fan

Blackjack Casino rules

A picture combined with an Ace is Blackjack a value of 21. Some casinos have moved this down to 6: A game that pays 1: Players place their bet into the box in order to be dealt in. When you learn how to play 21, you will find each player has his or her own assigned betting area, laid out on the table for each seat position. A shoe is a box that might include an automated shuffler to randomly distribute a card each time the dealer removes one for the deal. Traditional land-based casinos, as well as online blackjack casinos, will use between one and as many as eight decks per game. While counting cards is legal, a casino will ban anyone it considers to be a highly skilled player capable of imposing an advantage over the house in one or more casino games. Counting cards essentially is the act of tracking the number of high and low-value cards used to better predict a more likely outcome on a particular hand.

The blackjack rules assign numerical blackjack card values to every card. The dealer will then deal one card facing up to each player and then the house. Each successive player then decides whether to hit or stand. After all the players have completed their hands or gone bust, the dealer reveals his or her down card. Some casinos, though, might declare a push to be either a loss or a win for the player. The dealer essentially plays by the same strict set of casino rules at all times. Those blackjack rules are designed to protect the house advantage over the long term by ensuring the dealer plays a simple, mistake-free game every time. Over the long run, that means the house will earn a profit—no matter how many card players try to beat it over time. In fact, the more people try to beat the house, the more the house will win from those who are gambling without abiding by a similarly strict set of blackjack rules. If the card total is 16 points or lower, the dealer will always draw another card from the deck.

The dealer will continue drawing cards from the deck until the house hand has at least 17 points, or until it goes bust by going over 21. If the dealer has 17 points off the deal without an Ace, most blackjack rules say the dealer will stand, even if a 21 player has a higher total. The dealer also might have a soft 17 hand, which is one that includes an Ace and any other cards whose combined value totals six points. Both land-based casinos and online blackjack casinos who support live dealer blackjack require dealers to take at least one more card with the dealer has a soft 17 showing. Blackjack Bonus Payouts While playing blackjack, as soon as a player is dealt a winning hand, the house pays out immediately. These games are the most unfavorable to the player and should be avoided. That makes it very important to ensure you know the house blackjack rules before you begin gambling. Blackjack Table Limits The table limits in blackjack vary from one casino to the next—both in land-based and online gambling casinos.

Most 21 gaming tables accommodate up to six players, but the cost of high-limit tables generally limits the number of players. Blackjack Insurance Insurance essentially is a bet on whether or not the dealer has 21 right off of the deal, and requires players to lay half their initial wagers. If the dealer has 21, the house will pay the insurance bets at 2: That payoff will wipe out the loss from the initial wager. If the dealer does have 21, the player will lose the initial bet but will receive a 1: If both have 21, most blackjack rules say that is a push. Some casino 21 rules, though, give ties to the dealer when it comes to a blackjack. In most cases, though, a push results in the player getting back his or her wager. If the dealer does not have blackjack, anyone who bought insurance will lose that amount, regardless how the rest of the hand plays out. Hit or Stand? The decisions they make should take into account the cards held by other players at the table, as well as the dealer.

In most cases, a player normally stands when the point value of their cards is between 16 and 21. Do Dealers Hit on a Soft 17? If a dealer has less than 17, they must continue drawing cards until they reach 17 or above, without going over 21. If the scores of the player and the dealer are equal, the player receives their original bet back, and this is a push. Should the dealer bust or go over 21 at any point, all the players at the table will win and receive a 1: Any player who had blackjack would have already been paid out at least 3: Blackjack Surrender Rules Depending on the casino, some will let players cut their losses by surrendering half their bets after the initial deal. An early surrender allows the player to surrender when a 10 or face card is drawn without checking the hole-card for blackjack. That could be preferable if the dealer is showing a particularly strong hand, like an Ace. A late surrender allows the player to surrender after checking the hole-card, but before the dealer reveals his or her hand.

Many players view the early surrender as more favorable, especially if the dealer is showing an Ace. If you are playing a hand-held game, toss the cards face-up in front of your bet just like a double down. Then, in either type of game, place a matching bet beside the original bet in the circle. Note that you must bet the same amount on a split, unlike a double-down where you are allowed to double for less. The dealer will separate the two cards, and treat them as two independent hands. He will deal a second card on the first eight, and you will play that two-card hand to completion. Many casinos will let you double-down on that two-card hand if you want. No matter what happens on your first hand, when you are done with it the dealer will deal a second card to your next hand and the process starts all over. Resplitting If you get additional pairs in the first two cards of a hand, most casinos will allow you to resplit, making yet another hand.

Typically a player is allowed to split up to 3 times, making 4 separate hands, with 4 separate bets. If double after split is allowed, you could have up to 8 times your initial bet on the table! Splitting Tens Note that you are allowed to split any 10-valued cards, so you could split a Jack, Queen hand. However, this is usually a bad play. Keep the 20. You will make more money on the pat 20 than you will trying to make two good hands from it. Not convinced? I wrote a post about just that: Why Splitting Tens is a Bad Move. Splitting Aces Another oddity comes when splitting Aces. Splitting Aces is a very strong player move so the casino limits you to drawing only one additional card on each Ace. Also, if you draw a ten-valued card on one of your split Aces, the hand is not considered a Blackjack, but is instead treated as a normal 21, and therefore does not collect a 3: Some casinos allow resplitting Aces if you draw another, but many do not.

With all these limitations, you may wonder whether it makes sense to split Aces. The answer is a resounding YES. Always split Aces. For accurate advice on what other pairs you should split, consult the Blackjack Basic Strategy Engine. Part 3 — Basic Strategy If you want to win at Blackjack, you will eventually need to learn basic strategy from a basic strategy chart or play the interactive strategy trainer. However, there are some quick rules and tips that you can learn as a beginner to decrease the house edge and formulate a strategy. When to Hit or Stand in Blackjack 1: Never hit a hard 17 or above. Never stand on an 11 or lower. Never hit a 12-16 against a dealer 4, 5 or ,6. Always hit a 12-16 against a dealer 7 or higher.

Always hit on soft 17 or less. When to Double in Blackjack Remember there are more 10 value cards 10, J, Q, K than any other cards in the deck—so when a 10 will get you close to 21 and you are against a card that is bad for the dealer, you should double. A player 9, 10, or 11 would always be a good double when a dealer is showing a 3, 4, 5, or 6. This is because the 3, 4, 5, and 6 are starting cards that are more likely to make a dealer bust. Always double a 9 against a 3, 4, 5, or 6. Always double a 10 against any dealer card other than a 10 or Ace. Always double an 11 against any dealer card other than an Ace. Always double a soft 18 or below against a 5 or 6. When to Split in Blackjack 1: The Ace is such a powerful card because pulling a 10 on a split will give you a 21. Even though a 21 gained through a split is still only paid 1: Never split Fives or Faces.

Two fives total 10—which is a hand much better suited for doubling. Part 4 — Insurance and Surrender Insurance Insurance in blackjack is often misunderstood by players, and is a big money-maker for casinos. Naming this side-bet "insurance" was a brilliant marketing ploy, and some otherwise solid players will frequently make this bad bet to "insure" when they have a good hand. But actually, insurance is not always a bad bet. For players who can recognize when the remaining deck is rich in ten-valued cards, this can actually be a profitable side-bet. So, what exactly is "insurance" in blackjack anyway? Insurance is a proposition bet that is available only when the dealer's upcard is an Ace. When the dealer turns up an Ace, he will offer "Insurance" to the players. Insurance bets can be made by betting up to half your original bet amount in the insurance betting stripe in front of your bet. The dealer will check to see if he has a 10-value card underneath his Ace, and if he does have Blackjack, your winning Insurance bet will be paid at odds of 2: You will still lose your original bet unless you also have a Blackjack , so the net effect is that you break even assuming you bet the full half bet for insurance.

This is why the bet is described as "insurance", since it seems to protect your original bet against a dealer blackjack. Of course, if the dealer does not have blackjack, you'll lose the insurance bet, and still have to play the original bet out. Insurance is simply a side-bet offering 2: Not surprisingly, the casino has a substantial edge on this bet. In a single deck game, there are 16 ten-valued cards. Assuming that you don't see any other cards, including your own, the tens compose 16 out of 51 remaining cards after the dealer's Ace was removed. That creates a 5. It's even worse in six decks with a 7. Card counters can still beat the insurance bet, by only making the bet when they know that more than one-third of the remaining cards are tens. Unless you are card counter and know the deck is skewed sufficiently, just ignore the insurance bet. It doesn't matter whether you have a good hand or a bad hand. Taking "Even Money" on Blackjack If you have a blackjack when the dealer turns up an Ace, he is likely to offer you "even money" instead of the insurance bet.

If you accept, the dealer will pay you the amount of your original bet and discard your hand of blackjack, before he even checks under his Ace to see if he has a blackjack as well. Many players think this sounds like a good deal, guaranteeing a profit even if the dealer has a blackjack. But that guaranteed profit comes at a price. Let me show you how it works: Now, two things can happen: The dealer has a Blackjack. The dealer does not have Blackjack. So, casinos allow you to eliminate the insurance bet altogether, and simply declare that you want "even money" for your blackjack when the dealer has an Ace showing. The problem is that you are still making a bad bet on insurance, which costs you money. A player who does not count cards should simply never take the insurance bet, even the "even money" variety. Surrender Some games offer the player a chance to fold their hand, and forfeit half of their bet. This surrender option must be done as the very first action the player takes on the hand.

In other words, you can't draw a card and then decide to bail out! Even when surrender is available, it is rarely used by players. Often, the rules posted at the table won't mention it even if the casino allows it. And many players just don't like the idea of surrendering a hand. But for a smart player, it is a useful option, and reduces the house advantage by about 0. When surrender is available, make sure you know the correct strategy for using it. Most players who use the option surrender too many hands. If your game offers surrender, I recommend reading my complete explanation of blackjack surrender. In the most common variety known as "late" surrender , a player cannot surrender until after the dealer has checked for blackjack. If the dealer has blackjack, you will lose your entire bet with no chance of surrendering for half the cost. Part 5 — Rule Variations There are a few rules in blackjack that can vary slightly from casino to casino.

Dealer Hits Soft 17 Generally, the dealer in blackjack must hit if he has a total of 16 or less, and stand if he has 17 or more. But at some games there is an exception when the dealer has a hand of "soft" 17. If you look at the table, you will see one of two phrases on the felt: Dealer Stands on All 17s: This is the simple version. The dealer will stand with any total of 17 or more, whether that total is "soft" or not. This rule is abbreviated S17. The S is for Stand, not Soft! Dealer Hits Soft 17: In casinos with this rule, the dealer will stand with any hard 17, but draw another card if he has a soft 17, such as Ace, 2, 4. This rule is abbreviated H17. Seventeen is a weak hand, so if the dealer is allowed to try to improve the soft 17 hands, it makes the game tougher.

When a dealer is allowed to hit soft 17, it adds about 0. Almost all other areas used the better rule of standing on all 17s. Over the years, more and more casinos have switched to hitting soft 17, and there are now far more H17 games than S17 games. You can still find some games where the dealer stands on all 17s, even in casinos where some of the tables use the H17 rule. Look around! Double After Split After splitting a pair, many casinos will allow you to double-down on a two-card hand that arises as a result of the split. For example, if you split a pair of eights, and draw a 3 on the first hand, it is valuable to be able to double-down on the resulting hand of 11. This rule is fairly common, and it helps the player by about 0.

Resplitting Aces As mentioned in the previous section discussion on pair splitting, there are several common restrictions on splitting Aces. You will receive only one card on each Ace after splitting. Some casinos will allow you to resplit if you draw another Ace, and some will not. That's true even if the casino allows resplits of all other pairs. When the casino does allow resplitting of Aces, it helps the player by about 0. This rule is rarely posted at the table. If you are curious, you will need to ask the dealer. In these "European No Hole Card" games, the dealer only deals himself one card at the beginning of the round. After all the players have completed their hands, he deals his own second card and completes the hand. Contrast that with the normal US style of play. There, if the dealer has a ten or Ace card up, he checks the other card immediately to see if he has a blackjack. If he does, the hand is over.

This process of "peeking" under the hole card to check for blackjack means that players can only lose one bet per hand if the dealer has a blackjack. In a No-Hole-Card game, a player might split or double and have multiple bets at risk to a dealer blackjack, because the dealer cannot check ahead of time. This changes the optimal strategy, and means that players should usually not split or double against a dealer ten or Ace upcard. An exception is splitting Aces against a dealer ten. Note that there are a few no-hole-card games where the rules specifically say that only one bet will be collected from a player if the dealer has a blackjack. In those games, although there is no hole card, you can play the game as if there were. That means you should play it as a Peek game, even though there's not really a peek! It's all a bit confusing.

When the No-Hole-Card rule is in use, and all bets are at risk to a dealer blackjack, it costs the player 0. Use the "No-Peek" option at our Strategy Engine. The Five Card Charlie Ok this one's an extremely rare variation which I doubt you will see in any casinos today but I thought I'd mention. Similarly there is a rule variation whereby the player automatically wins when drawing 7 cards without busting which is called a "Seven Card Charlie". Part 6 — Playing at the Casino Basics Choosing a Table at the Casino If you are new to the game, there are a few items you should notice when looking for a game… The most important item is the sign declaring betting limits. Both the minimum and the maximum allowable bets should be on a sign on the table-top.

Look around to find a table that suits your bet sizes. Make sure that the table you have selected is actually for blackjack, and not another of the many kinds of table games that casinos offer. Look on the table for the phrase " Blackjack pays 3 to 2". Avoid any games that say " Blackjack pays 6 to 5" instead. See 6 to 5 Blackjack? Just Say No! Next, take a look at how the game is being dealt. There are two different dealing styles: Shoe games: The dealer distributes cards from a dealing shoe and the player cards are all dealt face-up. These games typically use 6 or 8 decks of cards. Hand-held games: The dealer holds the cards in his hand and usually deals the player cards face-down. These games typically use 1 or 2 decks of cards. Beginners should start off playing the shoe games.

The advantage in this style is that all of the players' cards are dealt face-up, so the dealer and other players can easily help you with playing questions and decisions. Once you become proficient at the game, you may want to switch to a game with fewer decks since that lowers the casino's advantage. Buying Chips To play the game, you will need to exchange some cash for chips from the dealer. Wait for a break in the action, and place your cash out in front of you on the table felt. A few points of etiquette apply here: Don't try to hand your money to the dealer. For security reasons, he can't take anything from your hands. Just lay it on the table instead. Don't put it into the betting circle, as some casinos will allow cash bets, and the dealer may think you want to bet it all!

Buy in for at least enough cash to play several hands. The dealer will exchange the entire amount of cash for the equivalent in chips, and drop the cash into a box on the table. Take a quick look at the chips to make sure you know the value of each color. If you have any questions, just ask the dealer. Part of his job is to help players learn the game. Placing a Bet Once you are ready to place a bet, wait for the current hand to be completed, then push your bet into the betting circle. Your chips should be in one stack. If you are betting multiple denominations of chips, place the larger valued chips on the bottom of the stack, and the smaller value chips on top. Once the cards have been dealt, you are not allowed to touch the bet in the circle. If you need to know how much you have bet for doubling or splitting explained later , the dealer will count down the chips for you.

Once the hand is over, the dealer will move around the table to each position in turn, paying winning hands and collecting the chips from losing hands.

Each player can then choose to receive extra cards or accept the hand as it is. Another way for the player to win is to have a hand of 21 or less, while the dealer busts. A perfect hand, combining an ace with a 10, Jack, Queen or King, scores 21 and is known as blackjack. Of course, there are numerous variants possible, optional side bets as well as more advanced playing options. Card Values It is easy to understand the value of the cards in the game. All number cards score the value two-10 indicated on them, and the face cards — Jack, Queen and King — always count as 10. The only special card value is the Ace. This can count as either one or 11. The value of the Ace is always in favour of the player. It will always have a value of 11 unless this would cause the hand to bust.

It is important to understand how this affects the basic blackjack strategy as it is advisable to hit on certain soft values when you would not normally hit on the same number with a hard hand. The Blackjack Table Explained At the table, you will find the dealer, who plays opposite up to seven players, depending on the specific game. For each seat, there is an outlined space where the player can place their bet. The cards are dealt directly above this. The table limits and payouts are usually displayed in the space between player and dealer so there is no confusion for anyone. The number of cards used in a game depends on the game, but usually, there will be a large stack of cards made up of more than one 52-card deck. Bets are made using counters known as chips. Different colours denote different values, which will usually be shown clearly at the bottom the screen in online games.

The dealer usually will draw the cards from a device known as a shoe. This allows for quicker and easier dealing and removes any doubts about card manipulation. While multiple decks may be placed in a shoe often 6 or 8 decks are used in a game , most casinos will use a cut card in order to indicate that it is time for a shoe change when there is a certain number of cards left. This is done to reduce the efficacy of card counting. Cut Card: A card that is easily distinguishable from the rest of the playing cards, which is placed at a specific location in the deck in order to control when shoe changes are needed. Discard Tray: Cards that have been used are not placed back into the shoe. Instead, they form a discard pile in a tray on the other side of the table, so as to avoid confusion. Blackjack casino rules are pleasingly simple.

To begin with, you are dealt two cards. You may then choose to receive any number of extra cards you like, taken one-by-one. The aim is to achieve a higher score than the dealer with your hand. Place Bets Before a hand is dealt, each player must decide how much to wager within the table limit range. Each player will get one card in turn as will the dealer until all hands have two cards. There is no maximum number of cards allowed see advanced rules for exceptions to this. Result After each player has busted or stood, the dealer will take more cards as necessary. If they bust, then all players with a hand of 21 or less will win. The higher score wins. Once the cards are dealt, each player decides whether to hit or stand. They will play following rules set by the casino, regarding when to hit and when to stand. Options Available to the Player During a Hand Although the steps above are all of the basic blackjack rules UK players need to know in order to get playing, there are a few other options that are available to players in certain situations.

Keep reading to get a more in-depth understanding of the game. The various variants employ these different rules in combinations, meaning you should always make sure to be aware of all the ins and outs of a game before playing. Knowing the basic blackjack rules is essential to playing. In order to play well, and to know what to do in every situation, you also need to understand insurance, splitting and doubling down. Player doubles his bet and gets one, and only one, more card. If the player has a pair, or any two 10-point cards, then he may double his bet and separate his cards into two individual hands. The dealer will automatically give each card a second card. Then, the player may hit, stand, or double normally. However, when splitting aces, each ace gets only one card.

Sometimes doubling after splitting is not allowed. If the player gets a ten and ace after splitting, then it counts as 21 points, not a blackjack. Usually the player may keep re-splitting up to a total of four hands. Sometimes re-splitting aces is not allowed. The player forfeits half his wager, keeping the other half, and does not play out his hand. This option is only available on the initial two cards, and depending on casino rules, sometimes it is not allowed at all. After each player has had his turn, the dealer will turn over his hole card. If the dealer has 16 or less, then he will draw another card. A special situation is when the dealer has an ace and any number of cards totaling six points known as a "soft 17". At some tables, the dealer will also hit a soft 17. If the dealer goes over 21 points, then any player who didn't already bust will win.

Remember that players who choose to double down only receive one new card and cannot continue to hit. Players with matching cards can split their hand into two. Once a player splits their hand and matches their original bet, you should deal them two cards — one for each hand — both facing down. Players then play one hand followed by the other. Finally, if a player splits a hand containing two aces, they are limited to one card per hand. Deal one card for each hand, facing down as usual, but do not let the player hit on their hand any more. Any split blackjacks should be paid out at 1: Sound confusing? Turn over your down-facing card. If your second card is an ace, count it as 11 only until your total exceeds 21, at which point the ace has a value of 1 point. If your hand is worth less than 21, pay any players with a higher value than you, and collect bets from players whose hands have a lower value than yours.

Finally, if you tie with a player, refund their bet. Some casinos have moved this down to 6: A game that pays 1: Players place their bet into the box in order to be dealt in. When you learn how to play 21, you will find each player has his or her own assigned betting area, laid out on the table for each seat position. A shoe is a box that might include an automated shuffler to randomly distribute a card each time the dealer removes one for the deal. Traditional land-based casinos, as well as online blackjack casinos, will use between one and as many as eight decks per game. While counting cards is legal, a casino will ban anyone it considers to be a highly skilled player capable of imposing an advantage over the house in one or more casino games. Counting cards essentially is the act of tracking the number of high and low-value cards used to better predict a more likely outcome on a particular hand. The blackjack rules assign numerical blackjack card values to every card.

The dealer will then deal one card facing up to each player and then the house. Each successive player then decides whether to hit or stand. After all the players have completed their hands or gone bust, the dealer reveals his or her down card. Some casinos, though, might declare a push to be either a loss or a win for the player. The dealer essentially plays by the same strict set of casino rules at all times. Those blackjack rules are designed to protect the house advantage over the long term by ensuring the dealer plays a simple, mistake-free game every time. Over the long run, that means the house will earn a profit—no matter how many card players try to beat it over time. In fact, the more people try to beat the house, the more the house will win from those who are gambling without abiding by a similarly strict set of blackjack rules.

If the card total is 16 points or lower, the dealer will always draw another card from the deck. The dealer will continue drawing cards from the deck until the house hand has at least 17 points, or until it goes bust by going over 21. If the dealer has 17 points off the deal without an Ace, most blackjack rules say the dealer will stand, even if a 21 player has a higher total. The dealer also might have a soft 17 hand, which is one that includes an Ace and any other cards whose combined value totals six points. Both land-based casinos and online blackjack casinos who support live dealer blackjack require dealers to take at least one more card with the dealer has a soft 17 showing. Blackjack Bonus Payouts While playing blackjack, as soon as a player is dealt a winning hand, the house pays out immediately. These games are the most unfavorable to the player and should be avoided.

How to Play Blackjack, Newcastle Casino

Blackjack Casino rules

How to Deal Blackjack: Blackjack Rules for Dealers

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May 28,  · Once you know the basic rules of playing blackjack as the dealer, you’ll be able to host players at home and have you own blackjack games. Most casinos require all dealers to have professional training, so if you’d like to make blackjack dealing a career, you’ll need to attend a professional casino school. Mar 21,  · Blackjack Rules for Dealers. The dealer will continue drawing cards from the deck until the house hand has at least 17 points, or until it goes bust by going over If the dealer has 17 points off the deal without an Ace, most blackjack rules say the dealer will /5(67). The rules of casino blackjack are generally determined by law or regulation, which establishes certain rule variations allowed at the discretion of the casino. The rules of any particular game are generally posted on or near the table, failing which there is an expectation Deck: French. In its simplest sense, blackjack rules are a set of explicit or implied regulations that oversee how this casino game is played. From the way you and the dealer should interact, to when and how your chips are placed and the many variants to the rules of blackjack, there’s plenty to take in.

Options Available to the Player During a Hand

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Blackjack basics for players and dealers

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Author: Jonathan Fan

Communications Planning Director at PHD, San Francisco, California.